What is it?
Malaria in humans is caused by one of four protozoan species. All species are transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito. Occasionally Malaria transmission occurs by blood transfusion or congenitally from mother to fetus.
Signs and Symptoms of Malaria
Malaria is characterized by fever and flu-like symptoms, including chills, headache, body aches and fatigue; these symptoms may occur at intervals. Malaria may be associated with anemia and jaundice, and may cause kidney failure, coma and death. Deaths due to Malaria are preventable. The estimated risk of a traveler acquiring Malaria varies markedly from area to area. A Jacksonville Vaccine Travel Medicine Specialist will help you to determine your risk and Malaria prevention measures.
Protective Measures Against Malaria
Because no currently available drug regimen guarantees 100% protection against Malaria, prevention of infection requires taking antimalarial medication as directed in addition to prevention of mosquito bites. Mosquitoes that carry Malaria have nocturnal feeding habits, thus Malaria transmission occurs primarily between dusk and dawn. Measures to reduce mosquito contact during critical hours include:
- Remaining in well-screened or air conditioned areas
- Using mosquito nets treated with Permethrin
- Wearing clothing that covers most of the body and has been treated with Permethrin
- Using insect repellents containing appropriate levels of DEET
- Using insecticides in living and sleeping areas where appropriate
Jacksonville Vaccine carries CDC and WHO recommended insect repellents for purchase.